Flight System Dynamics 1

Announcements
Key Facts
Contact Prof. Dr.-Ing. Florian Holzapfel
Rasmus Steffensen, M.Sc.
Paul Gesting, M.Sc.
Language of Instructions English
Language of Materials English
Type / ECTS Lecture, Exercise / 5 (Master Module)
Semester Winter Semester
Time and Place Lecture: Wednesdays, 08.30-10.00, MW2150, Seminar room (TUM-Online)
Exercise: Wednesdays, 17.00-17.45, MW2150, Seminar room (TUM-Online)
Related Links TUM-Online: Lecture, Exercise
Details
Prerequisites none
Content / Educational Objectives The lecture Flight System Dynamics 1 gives an insight on flight performance calculations and explains the relations in flight dynamics based on analytical approximations of aerodynamic, thrust and gravitational forces. Based on the definition of a consistent nomenclature, the nonlinear equations of motion of aircraft are introduced that are used to derive stationary flight conditions. Based on these derivations, the optimal states for the individual conditions are derived – i.e. the flight performance parameters like for example the optimal glide angle or the maximum range of an aircraft.
Contents:

  1. Nomenclature and Designation Principles
  2. Coordinate Systems and Kinematics
  3. State Space Model and Modeling
  4. Equations of Motion of the Aircraft
  5. External Forces and Moments
  6. Glide
  7. Straight and Level Flight
  8. Climb and Descent
  9. Turning Flight
  10. Cruiser
  11. Acceleration / Deceleration
  12. Flight Envelope Limitations
  13. Takeoff and Landing

After attendance of this lecture, the student is able to understand the relations of flight performance calculations and to apply this knowledge for flight performance calculations as they are common for the pre-design of aircraft.

Teaching Methods / Materials
  • Lecture notes (slide collection)
  • Exercises
Exam Exam in two parts:

  1. Theoretical section:
    • 45 minutes with a collection of short questions
    • Allowed aids: None
  2. Calculation section:
    • 45 minutes with 3-4 sample calculations
    • Allowed aids: All written notes
Reference Literature
  • Roskam, J.: Airplane Flight Dynamics and Automatic Flight Control, Part I and II, DARCorporation, Lawrence, KS, 1998, www.darcorp.com
  • Stevens, B.L. & Lewis F.L.: Aircraft Control and Simulation, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, 1995
  • Schmidt L.V.: Introduction to Aircraft Dynamics, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, VA, 1998, www.aiaa.org
  • Abzug, M.J.: Computational Flight Dynamics, Americal Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, VA, 1998, www.aiaa.org
  • Hafer, X. & Sachs, G.: Flugmechanik – Moderne Entwurfs- und Steuerungskonzepte, 3. Auflage, Springer, Berlin, 1993
  • Russel, J.B.: Performance and Stability of Aircraft, John Wiley & Sons, Baffins Lane, 1998
Lecture contents FSD 1
Lecture contents Flight System Dynamic 1